Baumgarten’s most significant work, written in Latin, was Aesthetica, 2 vol. ( –58). The problems of aesthetics had been treated by others before Baumgarten . BAUMGARTEN’S AESTHETICA. MARY J. GREGOR. Although the content of Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s. Aesthetica1 seems to be familiar in German. Ästhetik Als Philosophie der Sinnlichen Erkenntnis Eine Interpretation der ” Aesthetica” A. G. Baumgartens Mit Teilweiser Wiedergabe des Lateinischen Textes.

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These essays did not concern painting at all or even general issues about the arts very much—the name merely reflects aestbetica use of the names of famous painters as pseudonymous signatures for their articles—although one of Bodmer’s articles on Opitz celebrated the imagination as the key to poetic success: This illustration would be decisive for Wolff and all of those whom he in turn influenced. Wolff’s discussion of architecture makes it clear that baumtarten order for us to perceive it as beautiful, a building must display both the formal perfection of coherence as well as the substantive perfection of being suitable, indeed comfortable for its intended use.

This entry has no external links. Thus Baumgarten turns baumgagten is a vice in scientific knowledge—connoting too many ideas without clearly distinguishing among them—into the paradigm virtue of poetry. He expands upon this contrast in the essay on Sculpture:.

The illusion has worked; the aesthdtica lives and his soul feels that it lives. The lower powers of the soul, the desires and aversions, constitute the life of a cognition.

Very glad that you visited my blog and I found yours! Like Herder, Sulzer recognizes that the variety of human tastes in both form and more substantial matters of morality means that different individuals and peoples will find both different external forms beautiful and different characters good, thus leading to differences in their ideals of beauty.

If they bear the characteristics of aesthtica uncommon genius…then they inspire awe on our part. Consider the lover of art sunk deep in contemplation who circles restlessly around a sculpture. Max Bense – – Agis-Verlag.

But Mendelssohn vigorously rejected any interpretation of the Wolffian premise according to which the confusion of sensible perception itself could be the source of our pleasure in it. Sulzer’s combination of the aesthetics of truth and play would in turn prepare the way for Kant, while Herder’s final work, more than twenty years after he completed aestthetica main work in aesthetics, would be a critique of Kant’s aesthetics.


His conception of the mind has Leibnizian origins, but his emphasis on the pleasure of its unhindered activity points the way toward Kant’s conception of aesthetic experience as the free play of the cognitive powers.

From tohe taught school in Riga, and then left for a tour of France and Western Germany, during which he met the young Johann Wolfgang baumgartsn Goethe, shortly to become famous bajmgarten The Sorrows of Young Werther.

Baumgarten developed aesthetics to mean the study of good and bad ” taste “, thus good and bad art, linking good taste with beauty. Mendelssohn next assumes that only hearing and sight can convey natural signs, and then observes that. The Baumgartens thus arrived in Halle just after Wolff had been expelled and the study of his philosophy banned, although the ban was less strictly enforced at the famous Pietist orphanage and school in Halle the Franckesche Stift where they awsthetica first than at the university.

To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: He was born a quarter-century before Herder but his encyclopedic General Theory of the Fine Artsfirst published from towas contemporaneous with such central works of Herder as the essays on Ossian and Shakespeare.

A.G. Baumgarten, The Man Who ‘Invented’ Aesthetics | A R T L▼R K

Contact our editors with your feedback. But it seems to me that between knowing and desiring lies the approving, the assent, the satisfaction of the soul, which is actually quite remote from desire. All works of art are visible imprints of the artist’s abilities which, so to speak, put his entire soul on display and make it known to us. He explains in the preface to the second edition of the Metaphysics that he.

He followed his older brother Jacob Sigismund who would become a prominent theologian and historian of religion to Halle when he was thirteen. A similar point would be made a century later by the music critic Eduard Hanslick. Mendelssohn was instrumental in introducing the topic of the sublime into German aesthetics, publishing a lengthy review of Burke’s book on the beautiful and the sublime injust a year after it appeared in England reprinted in Mendelssohn, Gesammelte Schriftenvolume 4, pp.

This locates the harmony or agreement in which perfection always consists in the relation between the intentions of the architect and the building that results from his plans and supervision.

Herder begins with several methodological objections to Riedel. Very interesting link with Gimpel, our readers will appreciate it, thank you! Herder turns Lessing’s distinction between natural baumfarten artificial signs against him, arguing that precisely because poetry uses artificial rather than natural signs its content is in no fundamental way constrained zesthetica the natural properties of its signs themselves.



Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University’s proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy. For an attempt to combine an aesthetics of truth with an aesthetics of play that is in some ways shallower than Herder’s thought but in other ways an important innovation in German aesthetics, let us now take a look at the work of Johann Georg Sulzer — This site uses cookies.

Baumgarten’s departure from Wolff here may be subtle, but his idea is that the use of a broad range of our mental capacities for dealing with sensory representations and imagery is not an inferior and provisional substitute for reason and its logical and scientific analysis, but something parallel to reason.

Philosophical Underpinnings and Implications for Future Research. In these works Kant’s harsh criticisms of his quondam student’s Ideas for a Philosophy of History of Humanity were repaid with interest.

Moreover, this complex of human mental powers is productive of pleasure, through the sensible representation of perfection, in its own right. In the first of these chapters, Gottsched defines a poet as one who produces imitations of nature:. In explaining this source of pleasure, Mendelssohn also makes another revision to the traditional theory that it is resemblance alone that is the source of our pleasure in imitation, because resemblance is easily produced by means far less complex and admirable than all asthetica the faculties that go into artistry—a point that Plato had already made when he had Socrates argue that if it is mere imitation that the artist baumgarte after, he could just go around with a mirror Plato, Republic baumbarten, Book X, d—e:.

According to Riedel, aesthetic theories can be divided into those employing the methods of Aristotle, Baumgarten, or Kames: While rejecting any interpretation of obscurity or confusion as itself the source of our pleasure in beauty On Sentimentsnote h; Philosophical Writingsp. Working within the tradition of Wolff and Baumgarten, Sulzer bases his aesthetics on the premise that the experience bahmgarten beauty is founded on the sensuous perception of perfection.