Echis ocellatus is a venomous viper species endemic to West Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized. (Source: Wikipedia. Photo: (c) Toby Hibbitts , all. Continent: Africa Distribution: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea. Echis ocellatus ENGLISH African Saw Scaled Viper, Ocellated Carpet Viper, West African Carpet Viper, West African Saw Scaled Viper, GERMAN Augenfleck .

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High mortality from snakebite in south-eastern Senegal.

West African Carpet Viper

American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. A centralized hub-and-spoke strategy is suggested for broadening antivenom access to endemic rural areas together with instituting quality assurance, standardization and manpower training.

Restored clotting; improved with intact pregnancy. The geographic range of E.

Echis ocellatus |

No subspecies are currently recognized. It is rarely found north of the 15 th parallel, after which E. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 3: The delay between bite and antivenom administration may have important consequences for managing pregnant patients.

Very nervous, irritable and aggressive disposition, quick to strike and repeatedly at ocwllatus slightest provocation and does not try to escape.


Washington, District of Columbia: No attempt should be made to pursue the snake into the undergrowth as this will risk further bites.

Unscrupulous marketing of snake bite antivenoms in Africa and Papua New Guinea: Seek urgent medical attention.

Open in a separate window. If there will be considerable delay before reaching medical aid, measured in several hours to days, then give clear fluids by mouth to prevent dehydration. Intravenous ampiclox and metronidazole were commenced together with oral ferrous sulphate and folic acid.

Tetanus toxoid Paracetamol Adrenaline Hydrocortisone Chlorpheniramine. Snake bite poisoning in pregnancy.

Subsequently, daily WBCT20 did clot, the swelling subsided and the patient was discharged 6 days later after marked improvement with a 2-week follow up request. The saw-scaled or carpet viper Echis ocellatus has proved to be the most important cause of snakebite mortality and morbidity in the region. Head is broad, flat, short snouted, pear shaped when viewed from above and distinct from neck. It is also found in evhis Cameroon and southwestern Wchis.

She was treated by a traditional herbalist for 6 days and had vomited several times after ingesting concoctions. The basis for reassurance is the fact that many venomous bites do not result in envenoming, the relatively slow progression to severe envenoming hours following elapid bites, days following viper bites and the effectiveness of modern medical treatment.


Revue Suisse de Zoologie 77 2: Equally, we cannot list knowledge which is not yet reported or known.

Myotoxicity Does not occur, based on current clinical evidence. Foetal loss resulted from delayed presentation in a patient but there are several possible mechanisms for foetal loss after snakebite: Patients and results Invictims of snakebite ocellatjs 26 deaths were seen at Kaltungo General Hospital.

Snake venom of Echis ocellatus

This case series suggests that snakebite, in particular carpet viper bite, is a significant cause of maternal ocllatus and foetal loss among underprivileged rural dwellers in the West African savanna.

First clinical experiences with anew ovine Fab Echis ocellatus snake bite antivenom in Nigeria: In other projects Wikispecies. Abruptio placentae following snake bite in a Sudanese woman.

Local Necrosis Common, moderate to severe.