Musurgia universalis sive ars magna consoni et dissoni in. X. libros digesta. Romae: Ex typographia Haeredum Francisci. Corbelletti, Kircher, Athanasius. Athanasius Kircher, S.J. was a German Jesuit scholar and polymath who published around 40 .. The Musurgia Universalis () sets out Kircher’s views on music: he believed that the harmony of music reflected the proportions of the. We have selected the printing of Athanasius Kircher’s Musurgia Universalis, printed in two volumes and illustrated with over 30 leaves of.
|Published (Last):||12 October 2012|
|PDF File Size:||5.69 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||9.31 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The Musurgia was an attempt to present the entire body of musical knowledge up to Kircher’s time, and is particularly valuable for both its engraved plates of musical instruments and its inclusion of ikrcher musical examples, many of which are complete 16th and 17th century works chosen to illustrate various styles.
Mundus subterraneus, quo universae denique naturae divitiae.
Kircher’s ‘Musurgia Universalis’ (The Diary of Samuel Pepys)
The first modern study of hieroglyphics came with Piero Valeriano Bolzani ‘s Hieroglyphica and Kircher was the most famous of the “decipherers” between ancient and modern times and the most famous Egyptologist of his day.
Bach and Beethoven In A Man of Muurgiahis book about Kircher, John Glassie writes that while “many of Kircher’s actual ideas today seem wildly off-base, if not simply bizarre,”  he was “a champion of wonder, a man of awe-inspiring erudition and inventiveness,” whose work was read “by the smartest minds of the time.
They ikrcher what may univetsalis the first recorded drawings of complete bipartite graphsextending a similar technique used by Llull to visualize complete graphs.
Kircher argued that Coptic preserved the last development of ancient Egyptian. One illustration shows the differences between the ears of humans and other animals. Much of Kircher’s contrapuntal doctrine derives from Zarlino, and in this and some other respects Musurgia universalis presents a synthesis of 16th- and 17th-century Italian and German compositional practices. The quater-centenary of the birth of the Jesuit polymath, Father Athanasius Kircherseemed an appropriate moment to examine one of the most famous volumes of his works in Special Collections – the Musurgia Universalis published in two volumes in Rome in Kircher is not now considered to have made any significant original contributions, although a number of discoveries and inventions e.
One illustration shows the differences between the ears of humans and other animals. Linus of Liegeand was musurvia by an acquaintance of Line’s in Previously such images had been used in Europe nuiversalis mimic supernatural appearances Kircher unkversalis cites the use of displayed images by the rabbis in the court of King Solomon.
Kircher Musurgia Universalis
He also proposed hygienic measures to prevent the spread of disease, such as isolation, quarantineburning clothes worn by the infected and wearing facemasks to prevent the inhalation of germs. In Kircher’s system, ideograms were inferior to hieroglyphs because they referred to specific ideas rather than to mysterious complexes of ideas, while the signs of the Maya and Aztecs were yet lower pictograms which referred only to objects.
New York, Riverhead,p xiv. The data which he collected were later consulted by Champollion in his successful efforts to decode the script. Wholly concur — wonderfully informative series. The middle section is dominated by a globe of the World, on which is seated Musica, holding the lyre of Apollo and the panpipes of Marsyas. A specifically German feature, however, is the description of the affective nature of music, in which Kircher brought the concept of musica pathetica into relation with the formal constructive elements of rhetorical doctrine The Marvellous sound world of 17th century”.
There is no bookplate or marks of provenance, and very little sign of usage. His syncretic approach disregarded the boundaries between disciplines which are now conventional: The Musurgia Universalis then is hugely famous and has been since it appeared in The plate shown above to the left depicts ‘The Harmony of the Birth of universapis World’ Harmonia Nascentis Mundirepresented by a cosmic organ with six registers corresponding to the days of creation.
By the middle of the 17 th century the Jesuit missions had spread as far musuriga as China, the Americas and Japan, and Kircher regularly communicated with these missions to add to his knowledge of the subject he was writing on.
Kircher was also fascinated with Sinology and wrote an encyclopedia of Chinain which he noted the early presence there of Nestorian Christians while also attempting to establish links with Egypt and Christianity.
Images of 13 plates from Musurgia Universalis on Flickr. The strip of text reads: Much of Musurgia is given over to the description of contemporary and historic musical instruments from various parts of the world.
Kircher also constructed a magnetic clock, the mechanism of which he explained in his Magnes The last of these would have universalix spikes into the tails of cats, which would yowl to specified pitchesalthough Kircher is not known to have actually constructed the instrument. Post was not sent – check your email addresses! His ideas concerning the classification of musical styles, based on sociological as well as national characteristics, are also original and important for the study of Baroque music Your email address will not be published.
Cornell University Library Digital Collections
Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The book includes plans for constructing water-powered automatic organsnotations of birdsong and diagrams of musical instruments.
Of the plucked instruments displayed here: He explores the use of horns and cones in amplifying sound with architectural applications. Kircher’s keen interest in anatomy is shown in the cut-away style of these anatomical drawings of the human head and ear, designed to show how the ear actually hears and responds to music.
The Life of an Eccentric in an Age of Change. He attended the Jesuit College musrgia Fulda from towhen he entered nusurgia novitiate of the Society. In his Polygraphia novaKircher proposed an artificial universal language.
This large, two volume set was printed in copies by the Heirs of Francesco Corbelletti and Lodovico Grignani and copies were given to a large group of visiting Jesuits in who came to Rome from all over the world to elect a new Superior General. In he was called to Vienna by the emperor to univerzalis Kepler as Mathematician to the Habsburg court.
See the Athanasius Kircher on the web site for further biographical details and other links of interest. There are many arcas still universlais, including one in the Pepys Library of Magdalene College Cambridge. A Man of Misconceptions: Please feel free to write us if you notice misattributions or wish something to be removed.
Kircher’s ‘Musurgia Universalis’
Views Read Edit View history. Perhaps Kircher’s best-known work today is his Oedipus Aegyptiacus —54a vast study of Egyptology and comparative religion. This seminal works of musicology in two volumes seem to have been hugely influential on the works of J. From to Kircher was sent to begin his regency period in Koblenz as a teacher. Kircher was a German Jesuit scholar and a true Universlais man.