Classification formerly 2 phylum names 1. Coelenterata – hollow gut 2. Cnidaria – nettle. Results FILUM CNIDARIA (COELENTERATA) Drive Core Phase 1. Filum Cnidaria dan Ctenophora termasuk kelompok hewan coelenterata. 2 body types. Diploblastic- two germ layers. Phylum Cnidaria. Mesoglea not true layer. 6. Filum Cnidaria: ubur-ubur, terumbu karang, hydroids, anemone laut.

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The Rattlesnake voyage anatomy and physiology circulatory systems In circulatory system: Immunity of the fishes to the stings of the nematocytes results from the thin layer of mucus that covers their bodies. Statocystslocated between the tentacles or near the tentacular base, inform the animal of its orientation with respect to gravitational forces. The “smell” of fluids from wounded filhm makes the tentacles fold inwards and wipe the prey off into the mouth.

Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecology. Cnidarians are not immune from predation. Sponges, coelenterates, flatworms, and aschelminths In animal reproductive system: Hydrocorals, which include the order Milleporina milleporescommonly called fire coral, and the precious red coral used for jewelry, form encrusting or branching skeletons similar to those of anthozoan corals.

In contrast, the mouth and surrounding cnidariq of polyps face upward, and the cylindrical body is generally attached by its opposite end to a firm substratum. Provisions for the developing embryo. When members of one clone encounter those of another, the two combatants inflate and slap one another with nematocyst-studded fighting structures acrorhagi located below the tentacles.

Introduction to Cnidaria

Casually touching many cnidarians will make it clear how they got their name when their nematocysts eject barbed threads tipped with poison. To combat these types of threats, many cnidarian species have evolved unique chemical defenses that effectively deter predation by fish and others.

Arthropoda arthropods Tardigrada waterbears. All cnidarians can regenerateallowing them to recover from injury and to reproduce asexually. They are the most primitive cnivaria animals whose cells are organized into distinct tissues, but they lack organs.


Some Anthozoa have ciliated grooves on their tentacles, allowing them to pump water out of and into the digestive cavity without opening the mouth.

Since the parents are immobile, these feeding capabilities extend the larvae’s range and avoid overcrowding of sites. Their calcareous skeletons form the frameworks of the reefs and atolls in most tropical seas, including the Great Barrier Reef that extends more than 2, kilometres along the northeastern coast of Australia. Pangkal sel indera berhub dgn sel syaraf tersusun seperti jala pd epidermis dekat mesoglea. Prey of cnidarians ranges from plankton to animals several times larger than themselves.

In some colonies, polyps share a common coelenteron through which food captured by any member is distributed to others. An introduction to higher-level classification and taxonomic richness” PDF.

Skeleton is laid down in massive corals at a rate of about one centimetre per year; branching corals may grow considerably more rapidly. In addition, reefs provide complex and varied habitats that support a wide range of other organisms. Animal, kingdom Animaliaany of a group of multicellular eukaryotic organisms i. The Wikibook Dichotomous Key has a page on the topic of: Extracts of many cnidarians, mostly anthozoans, have heart-stimulant, antitumour, and anti-inflammatory properties.

Hydrozoan polyp colonies, called hydroids, are prostrate, bushy, fnidaria feathery in form. Anemone fishes serve their hosts by driving away fishes that prey on anemones.


This page was last edited on 25 Decemberat Hydrozoa hydrozoans ; Scyphozoa scyphozoans ; Anthozoa anthozoans ; and Cubozoa cubozoans. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Wikispecies has information related to Cnidaria. Medusae swim by jet propulsion see below Tissues and muscles. However, most do so weakly and are carried passively by currents over long distances.

All cnidarians share several attributes, supporting the theory that they had a single origin. Polyps are generally sedentary.

FILUM COELENTERATA (CNIDARIA) – ppt video online download

Cnidarians have two body forms— polyp and medusa —which often occur within the life cycle of a single cnidarian. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


It is difficult to reconstruct the early stages in the evolutionary “family tree” of animals using only morphology their shapes and structuresbecause the large differences between Porifera spongesCnidaria plus Ctenophora comb jelliesPlacozoa and Bilateria all the more complex animals make comparisons difficult.

Although the medusa stage is absent in anthozoans, polyps produce additional polyps sexually and, in some species, asexually as well. Mostly marine animals, the cnidarians include the corals, hydras, jellyfish, Portuguese men-of-war, sea anemones, sea pens, sea whips, and sea fans.

Brachiopoda lamp shells Phoronida horseshoe worms. A few deep-sea anemones form the shells in which their crabs dwell. Cnidarians are radially symmetrical i.

They have two basic body forms: You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

This adaptation eliminates the need to change shells, but the death of one partner probably results in the death of the other. Cnidarians have many of the same neurotransmitters as many animals, including chemicals such as glutamate, GABA, and acetylcholine. Some researchers classify cnidafia extinct conulariids as cnidarians, while others propose that they form a completely separate phylum.

Cnidae range from only about 10 to micrometres 0. Asexual reproduction makes the daughter cnidarian a clone of the adult. Cnidarians were formerly grouped with ctenophores in the phylum Coelenteratabut increasing awareness of their differences caused them to be placed in separate phyla.

Annotated classification biota of inland waters In inland water ecosystem: Coral reefs form some of the world’s most productive ecosystems. In some species of hydroids that lack a free medusa stage, eggs are fertilized and the embryo develops in specialized zooids that are essentially attached medusae.