LEON FESTINGER TEORIA DE LA DISONANCIA COGNITIVA PDF

Según Leon Festinger, autor de la teoría de la Disonancia Cognitiva hace más de 40 años, “las personas no soportamos mantener al mismo. Disonancia cognitiva y percepción. Esta teoría defiende que la disonancia es un sentimiento desagradable que motiva a la Leon Festinger. Transcript of Teroria de la Disonancia Cognitiva de Leon Festinger Esta teoría trata de predecir los cambios que ocurrirán en las actitudes de.

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Por tanto, me contradigo y, haciendo alarde de mi incongruencia, termino diciendo que creo que todo el mundo es congruente, pero lo es por muy poco tiempo, pues en cada minuto puede aprender o descubrir algo que le haga cambiar de idea.

Review of General Psychology. Theory of Cognitive Dissonance.

The team observed the group firsthand for months before and after the predicted apocalypse. The group studied a small apocalyptic cult led by Dorothy Martin under the pseudonym Marian Keech in the booka suburban housewife. The team showed that the formation lein ties was predicted by propinquitythe physical proximity between where students lived, and not just by similar tastes or beliefs as conventional wisdom assumed. Some subjects, who were led to believe that their participation in the experiment had concluded, were then asked to perform a favor for the experimenter by telling the next participant, who was disonanica a confederate, that the task festinver extremely enjoyable.

Festinger’s seminal work integrated existing research literature on influence and social communication under his theory of cognitive dissonance.

Leon Festinger – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

After graduating, Festinger worked as a research associate at Iowa from toand then as a statistician for the Committee on Selection and Training of Aircraft Pilots at the University of Rochester festingrr to during World War II. Instrumental communication is contrasted with “consummatory communication” where communication is the end, such as emotional expression. In other words, people simply tend to befriend their neighbors.

Dissonance was created for the subjects performing the favor, as the task was in fact boring. People will, moreover, take action to reduce discrepancies in attitudes, whether by changing others to bring them closer to oneself or by changing one’s own attitudes to bring them closer to others.

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Dissonance reduction can be achieved by changing cognition by cogitiva actions [58]or selectively acquiring new information or opinions.

Many of the group members quit their jobs and disposed of their possessions in preparation for the apocalypse. Y cuando nuestra mente trata de darle un sentido a todas las acciones e ideas de nuestra vida, entonces cognitiba cuando nos inventamos justificaciones absurdas.

When doomsday came and went, Martin claimed that disonanccia world had been spared because of the “force of Good and light” [52] that the group members had spread throughout the world.

Festinger, Stanley Schachter, and Kurt Back examined the choice of friends among college students living in married student housing at MIT. February 11, aged 69 New York City. In his paper, Festinger postulated that one of the major pressures to communicate arises from uniformity within a group, which in turn arises from two sources: Cognitive dissonance Effort justification Social comparison theory.

The messages purportedly said that a flood would destroy the world on December 21, Publicado el 24 abril Temas: Carlsmith published their classic cognitive dissonance experiment in Y es que esto de leer cosas tan interesantes y no poder decir nada estaba acabando conmigo.

Perhaps one of the greatest impacts of Festinger’s studies lies in their “depict[ion] of social behavior as the responses of a thinking organism continually acting to bring order into his world, rather than as the blind impulses of a creature of emotion and habit,” as cited in his Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award.

Leon Festinger – Wikipedia

Thus Festinger suggested that the “social influence processes and some kinds of competitive behavior are both manifestations of the same socio-psychological process Retrieved from ” https: In other projects Wikiquote. Festinger and his collaborators, Henry Riecken and Stanley Schachter, examined conditions under which disconfirmation of beliefs leads to increased conviction in such beliefs in the book When Prophecy Fails. To use Festinger’s example, a chess novice does not compare his chess abilities to those of recognized chess masters, [47] nor does a college student compare his intellectual abilities to those of a toddler.

He stated his main set of hypotheses as follows:.

To use Festinger’s example of a smoker who has knowledge that smoking is bad for his health, the smoker may reduce dissonance by choosing to quit smoking, by changing his thoughts about the effects of smoking e. Rather than abandoning their discredited beliefs, group members adhered to them even more strongly and began proselytizing with fervor. In his paper, Festinger again systematically set forth a series of hypotheses, corollaries, and derivations, and he cited existing experimental evidence where available.

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Despite such recognition, Festinger left the field of social psychology inattributing his decision to “a conviction that had been growing in me at the time that I, personally, was in a rut and needed an injection of intellectual stimulation from new sources to continue to be productive. Festinger and his collaborators viewed these findings as evidence that friendships cofnitiva develop based on passive contacts e.

Teoria della dissonanza cognitiva

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This page was last edited on 13 Novemberat It was at MIT that Festinger, in his own words, “became, by fiat, a social psychologist, and immersed myself in the field with all its difficulties, vaguenesses, and challenges.

For example, liking was simply a function of reward according to behaviorism, so greater reward would produce greater liking; Festinger and Carlsmith’s experiment clearly demonstrated greater liking with lower reward, a result that required the acknowledgement of cognitive processes.

El ser humano es muy complejo. He then moved to the University of Minnesota inand then on to Stanford University in Wikiquote has quotations related to: May 8, New York City.

Muchos comportamientos los realizamos de forma inconsciente. He is also known in social network theory for the proximity effect or propinquity. Leon Festinger 8 May — 11 February was an American social psychologistperhaps best known for cognitive dissonance and social comparison theory.