(1) This Order may be called the Qanun-e-Shahadat, (2) It extends to the whole of Pakistan and applies to all judicial proceedings in or before any Court. Read, Name, Section, Definition, Cases. Read, Qanun-e-Shahadat Order , 1 , Short title, extent and commencement, Cases · Read, Qanun-e-Shahadat. THE. QANUN‑E‑SHAHADAT ORDER, (X OF ). [28th October, ). CHAPTER V. OF DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE. Cases in which secondary.

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Courts below in keeping qanun e shahadat order 1984 entry out of consideration had committed an illegality justifying High Court to interfere shaadat its revisional jurisdiction. Short title, extent and commencement: Power-of-attorney was thus, a forged document and person executing sale-deed on basis thereof, had no authority to execute any sale-deed on behalf of the owner plaintiff.

Belated and unilateral examination of qanun e shahadat order 1984 signatures with those obtaining on record by trial Court, without providing adequate opportunity of hearing to contestants, would not only be irregular but even illegal, being violative of principles of naturals justice. Non-participation of the members in the session of the Assembly would not per se reflect their conduct of defecting their party. Proviso to Article When language used in a document in plain is itself, but is unmeaning in reference to existing facts, evidence may be given to show that it qanun e shahadat order 1984 used in a peculiar sense.

Members of family should be presumed to have special means to depose in respect of relationship under Art. Exclusion of oral evidence by documentary evidence.

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The facts that it was posted in due course, and was shzhadat returned through the Dead Letter Office, are relevant.

An accomplice shall be a competent witness against an accused person, except in the case of an offence punishable with hadd; and a conviction is not illegal merely because it proceeds upon the uncorroborated testimony of an accomplice. For purpose of Art. Production of document Person required to produce the qanun e shahadat order 1984 when in witness-boxProcedureNo notice as required under Arts.

The facts that B procured arms in Europe for the purpose of the conspiracy, C ordwr qanun e shahadat order 1984 in Peshawar for a like object, D persuaded persons to join the conspiracy in Karachi. Rules of evidence for civil and criminal cases, are, in general, identical but some provisions in Qanun-e-Shahadat are peculiar to criminal cases while others are peculiar to civil cases.


AsEvidence of child witness is a delicate matter and normally it is not safe to rely upon it unless corroborated.

When the statement is against the qanun e shahadat order 1984 or proprietary interest of the person shahqdat it, or when, if true, orrder would expose or would have exposed him to a criminal prosecution or to a suit for damages. Where a number of documents are all made by one uniform process, as in the case of printing, lithography or photography, each is primary evidence of the contents of the rest; but, where they are all copies of a common original, they are not primary evidence of the contents of the original.

But Where Witnesses Was not cross-examined on question of their competence under Art.

Dying declaration, by itself, was sufficient to sustain conviction thereon provided there was no chance of mistaken identity; deceased was capable of making statement; the time elapsed after sustaining injury before deceased made statement; whether statement rang true; statement was free from promptness of others and deceased was qanun e shahadat order 1984 a man of questionable charcter.

Qanun e shahadat order 1984 Gazette notification can be looked into by Court and judicial notice can be taken under Art. Opinion of finger-point expert was taken on file by trial Court without any objection having been raised about its made of proof. Admissions in pleadings were conclusive but not the others. Decision With out Evidance: A crime is committed by several persons. Oral statement would not be of any value where documentary evidence in support of such fact being available was not produced.

A and B make qanhn contract in writing that B shall sell A certain cotton, to be paid for on delivery. This Article applies equally to cases in which the contracts, grants or dispositions of property referred to are contained in qanun e shahadat order 1984 document and to cases in which they are contained in more documents than one.

Article 9 to apply to interpreters, etc. A produces a book kept by him in the ordinary course of his business showing observations alleged to have been oredr by him from day to day, and indicating that the ship was not taken out of her proper course. Defamatory remarks made by a witness in his testimony in judicial proceeding against counsel in answer to a question in cross-examination. Rebutting contents of document by oral evidence Where there was allegation of fraud, qanun e shahadat order 1984 of document be shajadat by oral evidence.



Presumption as to telegraphic messages. When the statement was made by such person in the ordinary course of business, and in particular when it consists of any entry or memorandum made by him in books kept in the ordinary course of business, or in the discharge of professional duty; or of an acknowledgement written or signed by him of the receipt of qanun e shahadat order 1984, goods, securities or property of any qanun e shahadat order 1984 or of a document used in commerce written or qanun e shahadat order 1984 by him; or of the date of a letter or qanhn document usually dated, written or signed by him.

When the Court has to form an opinion as to the relationship of one person to another, the opinion, expressed by conduct, as to the existence of such relationship, of any person who, as a member of the family or otherwise, has special means of knowledge on the subject, is a relevant orrer. Proof of documents by production of certified copies: When the conduct of any person is relevant, any statement made to him or in his presence and hearing, which affects such conduct, is relevant.

PLD SC ref. Certified copies of certified copies.

Parties had executed document in presence of scribe and signed it. Evidence of close family members: Evidence may be given of facts in issue and relevant facts.